Today, real estate watchers are claiming that suburban shopping malls are dying.
- Invesco Real Estate believes that despite challenges, brick-and-mortar locations will continue to be important to retailers.
- However, separating high-quality properties from low-quality may be more critical than ever.
In an online world, do malls matter?
Suburban shopping malls are still an important real estate sector, but quality is critical
By Joe Rodriguez Jr. and Chris Faems – Invesco US Blog
For decades, real estate watchers have periodically claimed that suburban shopping malls are dying. Catalogs and TV shopping channels have been seen as serious threats — yet the mall has remained a suburban staple. Today, as online shopping dominates the market and high-profile department stores experience closures and bankruptcies, we’re hearing this familiar refrain once again. Despite the challenges, Invesco Real Estate believes brick-and-mortar locations will continue to be crucial to retailers — but identifying the properties with the potential to succeed may be more critical than ever.
Retail stores have a history of adapting to change
Throughout US history, there has been intense competition among retail stores to adapt to ever-changing shopper tastes, demographics and preferred living locales. Shopping used to take place primarily in city centers, but after World War II, the new interstate highway system paved the way for urban sprawl and suburban malls. The challenges to this format have been intense: catalog shopping, television shopping, fashion outlet malls, big-box retailers, stand-alone department stores and rising fuel prices among them.
What we have learned from history is that retail properties must always remain flexible and adaptable to changing consumer tastes. Will some malls go dark or be repurposed? Will more mall-focused retailers close locations or declare bankruptcy? We believe that will definitely be the case. However, we also believe those most at risk are the lower-productivity malls — the so-called “C” malls — whose futures were uncertain even before the growth of e-commerce.
On the other hand, we believe that the best malls — the ones that people enjoy visiting and that are located in high-density, high-income areas — have a better chance to gain new retail tenants or to repurpose their space with restaurants, entertainment centers, residential areas, offices or hotels. Currently, US malls lag the rest of the world in embracing non-fashion retail uses. In other markets around the globe, food, beverage, and entertainment can make up more than 50% of a mall’s floor space; the allocation to these categories in US malls is considerably less and, we believe, has room to grow.
Is investor pessimism an overreaction?
The woes of many retail chains have made headlines and grabbed investors’ attention. From a valuation standpoint, US mall real estate investment trusts (REITs) were trading at around a 19% discount to net asset value as of Feb. 28, 2017.1 So has the market overreacted to the headline news? Adverse news related to sub-par chains may continue to weigh on sentiment. However, in our opinion, much of the negative news appears priced into the market.
From a fundamental perspective, regional mall performance has become bifurcated. Select mall REITs and other high-quality regional mall landlords have continued to record high occupancy rates — 96% on average2 — and appear to even welcome the opportunity to replace marginal department stores with more current and more productive uses. Lower-quality mall occupancies remain around 92% on average,3 and these malls may have limited ability to find new tenants.
Stock price performance so far in 2017 reflects this bifurcated quality, with higher-quality mall companies outperforming low-quality companies by 15.1% through March 22, 2017 (with returns of -7.4% versus -2.5%, respectively).
We do not share the view that the mall is dead. Even e-commerce bellwether Amazon has opened physical stores in high-density locations. Retailers simply must adapt to the current environment. That may include concentrating on the best locations and optimizing their mix of online and physical presence — an “omnichannel” approach to retail.
Invesco Real Estate has historically preferred mall REITs that focus on higher-quality malls, and we have avoided those REITs that focus on lower-quality malls in less-dense areas. We have consistently concentrated on mall REITs with quality and productivity, as well as a geographic bias toward high-barrier markets on the East Coast or West Coast, and/or high-income, high-density locations in Middle America. We will continue to compare upper-tier mall valuations against our assessment of underlying real estate fundamentals and adjust positions as warranted.